Field Facts


General Information

  • Legumes are plants that are able to produce nitrogen from the air. Examples include clover, alfalfa, soybeans, and peas.
  • Perennial plants come back year after year.
  • Annual plants must be replanted yearly.
  • A general rule of thumb: the smaller the seed, the shallower it should be planted.
  • Grasses need more nitrogen than legumes do.
  • Inoculants enable plants like clover and alfalfa to convert the nitrogen in the atmosphere to usable energy.
  • Deer need high protein forage sources in the summer and early fall.
  • Deer need high carbohydrate sources in the early fall through winter.
  • 1 acre = 43,560 sq. feet, or approximately 69 yards x 69 yards.
  • 1-2 quarts of Round-up per acre will kill most all weeds.

The Proof is in the Protein

1 acre of Clover Blend = 4000 lbs. of grazing forage = 1120 lbs. of pure protein forage
Material Cost = $133

1 acre of Soybeans = 8000 lbs. of grazing forage = 1440 lbs. of pure protein forage
Material Cost = $146

Protein Pellets 25% protein with 25 lbs./bag at $20 per bag =
4480 lbs. of pellets = 1120 lbs. of pure protein
5760 lbs. of pellets = 1440 lbs. of pure protein

This is a summary of the comparison of the above products:

Clover = $133 = 1120 lbs. protein
25% Protein pellets = $3584 = 1120 lbs. protein

Soybeans = $146 = 1440 lbs. protein
25% Protein pellets = $4600 = 1440 lbs. protein

Material costs are calculated using full retail prices of nationally branded seed, fertilizer, and Round-up.

Additional Facts

Two types of plots

  • Hunting Plot 1/8 to 1 acre
  • Management Plot 1-5 acres

Suggested Forage Choices and Hunting Times

  • Clovers/chicory/alfalfa early season (perennial)
  • Rape mixes early to mid season (annual)
  • Small grains/rye/wheat/oats mid to late season (annual)
  • Beans/peas mid to late season (annual)
  • Corn mid to late season (annual)

Forage Upkeep

  • Most plants grow well if the pH is between 5.3-7.
  • Alfalfa needs a pH of 6.5-7.
  • Most plants grow well in soil that is not too wet.
  • Rape and alfalfa grow well in sandier soils.
  • Clover needs more moisture than other plants to grow well.
  • Fertilizing – Nitrogen (10), Phosphorus (10), Potassium (10), each number represents the percent of that nutrient present in that fertilizer blend.
  • It’s better to spread the fertilizer at half the rate you intend and go over the field twice in a criss-cross pattern than to try and spread all of the fertilizer just right in just one pass.